University Students’ Perspective of Work and Family Balance ?From the Viewpoint of Gender and Anticipated Work-Family Conflict and Facilitation?
TOMIDA Makiko（Nagoya University）
KANAI Atsuko（Nagoya University）
The factor structure of anticipated work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family facilitation (WFF) were studied among 1087 students from nine universities. In addition, we examined the association of gender attitudes, anticipated WFC and WFF, career perspectives, job motivation, and job anxiety. Results indicated that the bidirectional relationship between work and family life was also common to anticipated conflicts and facilitation. Moreover, a number of gender-related differences were found. Women anticipated higher levels of family-to-work conflict, time conflict, choice conflict and work-to-family facilitation, whereas men anticipated higher levels of work-to-family conflict. Moreover, the analysis of covariance structures partially supported the process model of university students’ anticipated WFC and WFF. Furthermore, anticipated work-family balance correlated with higher career perspectives, higher job motivation and lower job anxiety.
Keyword ： work-family balance, work-family conflict, work-family facilitation, gender attitude, career perspective, job motivation, job anxiety