Association Journals

Process of Coping with Work-Family Conflicts in the Work Domain

KATO Yoko(Sugiyama Jogakuen University)

TOMIDA Makiko(National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology)

KANAI Atsuko(Nagoya University)

In this study we examined a model of the work-family conflict process in which work environmental factors (i.e.,support from one’s superior,family-unfriendly work climate) affect depression both directly and indirectly,via the mediating effects of work-family conflicts and coping behaviors. We analyzed self-reported responses to an anonymous questionnaire survey of dual-career couples,consisting of 97 full-time working male,94 full-time working female,and 92 part-time working female participants. Results indicated the following: 1) While work role fulfillment coping reduced work depression,flexible work role assignment coping was more likely to be used in the work place when there was more support from one’s superior,and work role reduction coping was used more as family-work conflict increased. 2) For full-time males and part-time females,support from one’s superior impacted the promotion of behavior associated with traditional sex-role attitudes. 3) Family-unfriendly work climate enhanced work-family conflict and work depression. Finally,we discussed important implications for realizing work-life balance in the work place.

Keyword : work-family conflict, coping, support from one’s superior, family-unfriendly work climate