This study examined the moderating effect of outcome interdependence (individual or team rewards) on taking charge of prevention-focused employees. Employees focusing on prevention are relatively averse to taking charge because they are likely to be apprehensive about the risk involved in it. We hypothesized that even prevention-focused employees would engage in taking charge by working for team rewards,which would alleviate their anxiety about making mistakes. The following were the major findings: 1) When employees perceive the necessity for an organizational change due to a change in the external environment,those focused on prevention do not engage in taking charges; 2) However,if employees work toward team rewards,they do engage in taking charges. We discuss the implications of our research findings’ for the theory and practice of effective organizational management.
キーワード ： 自己制御, 業績相互依存性